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Pest Control Measures

Pest control involves preventing or eliminating pests from your property. The first step is identification, followed by a careful study of the environment.

Monitoring allows you to see how pest populations are building up or causing damage and determine whether control is needed. This information also helps you select the most effective management method: prevention, suppression or eradication. Contact Pest Control Texas now!

The best way to deal with pests is not to allow them to get into your building in the first place. This means keeping the doors and windows closed, using screens on exterior windows and keeping indoor garbage tightly sealed in containers with lids. In addition, keep piles of trash and compost away from your house, and regularly clean up pet food and water dishes.

In a store or warehouse, corner and wall floor angles should be painted white to encourage effective cleaning where residues accumulate. Different classes of goods should be stored separately where possible, and stock rotation should be used to avoid a build up of old stock. Clutter is an attractant to pests and should be removed from storage areas. This can include stacks of cardboard boxes, newspaper and magazines. It is also important to make sure that all equipment, such as pallets, crates and cartons, are properly cleaned before they are reused. This will help reduce cross infestation.

Eliminating sources of food, water and shelter is another key step in prevention. This includes storing food in plastic or glass containers with tight lids, removing garbage regularly and avoiding keeping it outside at night, when pests are most active. You should also take steps to prevent leaky pipes, and don’t let moisture accumulate inside the home by fixing dripping sinks or showers.

Pests may enter buildings through open doors or windows, but they may also be carried in by staff or on objects being moved into the building. Good site sanitation and preventive maintenance will reduce the risk of these entry routes, but it is impossible to eliminate all the risks.

It is possible to reduce the impact of pests by controlling their numbers to an acceptable level, without destroying them. This is called suppression and involves the use of a combination of control measures to reduce pest numbers below what you consider to be unacceptable levels. Often, the combination of preventive measures will provide sufficient suppression to stop the need for more drastic control methods. Control measures may include natural enemies (parasites and predators), barriers, fungicides, insect growth regulators and biological controls, such as the release of sterile insects.


Pest control measures are designed to reduce a pest population to an acceptable level while doing as little harm as possible to non-target organisms. Generally, this is accomplished through prevention, suppression, and eradication. Prevention is based on altering the environment to make it unsuitable for pests, and includes physical methods such as trapping, exclusion, quarantine and isolation, and sanitary methods like washing away food residues.

In some cases, pests can invade and damage a home or business despite preventive measures. In these situations, pest control specialists can often use targeted, effective treatments to quickly eradicate an infestation.

Clutter provides places for pests to breed and hide, and removing it helps keep them out. Caulking cracks and crevices, and securing doors and windows can also help prevent pests from entering. In businesses, keeping the area clean and free of debris will make it less attractive to pests.

Many natural forces affect the population of pests, including climate, predatory and parasitic species, natural barriers, availability of food and water, and the presence of disease agents. The actions of these factors are usually beyond the control of humans, and should be weighed in the decision to use pesticides for long-running problems.

Some natural enemies can be augmented to help control pests, for example by planting species that prey on the target pest. The nematode Steinernema carpocapsae is a useful example of this, as it can be sprayed in large numbers to kill roaches and other pests without harmful effects on plants and soil.

Devices, machines and structures can be used to control pests by physically preventing their access to areas or by altering the environment. For example, tarps, screens, fences and barriers can be used to protect a field from rodents or birds that might damage crops. Radiation, heating, refrigeration, electrical devices and nets can also be used to control pests by changing the conditions they need to survive. Some of these controls can be very costly, but they may prove to be more cost-effective than a long series of pesticide applications. Also, they are often considered to be more environmentally friendly than pesticides.


Pests can cause damage to property and pose a health risk to people. This is why it is important to eradicate them as soon as they are detected in your home or office. However, eradicating these pests can be tricky and needs to be done very carefully so that other insects or animals are not affected. This is why you should always use the least toxic pest control methods to kill these pests.

Pest control is the process of preventing or eliminating harmful organisms like rodents, insects, and weeds. This is done to protect crops, people, and the environment from diseases and other damage. Pest control can also reduce the amount of chemicals that are needed for agriculture and help preserve natural resources.

While pesticides can be an effective way to get rid of some pests, they are often toxic to other organisms as well. This is why it is essential to only use pesticides that are designed for the specific pest you are trying to eliminate and follow the instructions exactly. Also, never spray insecticide near water, food or children, as this can be very dangerous.

One of the most effective ways to get rid of pests is to deny them the shelter, food, and water that they need to survive. This can be done by reducing clutter in your house or office, sealing cracks and gaps, and cleaning up trash and debris regularly. In addition, you should keep your garbage cans closed and make sure that they are properly sealed. It is also important to trim back bushes, keep trash cans away from your house, and clean up spilled food or garbage in the yard.

Another effective way of getting rid of pests is to use natural pesticides. These can be made from ingredients in your kitchen or garden and include lemon peels, bay leaves, garlic, mint, and sage. These natural pesticides can be sprayed on areas where pests are found to deter them.

Finally, you can also use parasitic nematodes, which are microscopic worms that can be sprayed on the soil to kill pests such as fleas, grubs, and cockroaches. There are many different species of nematodes, some of which are helpful while others are harmful, so be sure to choose the right one for your situation.


IPM is an ecosystem-based process to solve pest problems while minimizing risks to people and natural resources. It uses monitoring and identification, nonchemical methods, biological control, and cultural practices to manage pests instead of eradicating them. Pesticides are used only after a careful assessment and only when other controls have failed. When they are used, pesticides should be applied according to the label and aimed at the specific organism and its environment in order to minimize exposure, risk of injury to beneficial insects and wildlife, and disturbance to ecological harmony.

To implement IPM in your garden or yard, begin by developing a regular monitoring routine. Use a notebook, journal, spreadsheet, or camera to keep records of your landscape plants and note any insect or disease activity you observe. Keeping good monitoring records will allow you to identify problem areas in your landscape early, so that preventive or nonchemical controls can be implemented before the pests become uncontrollable.

Then, when monitoring does reveal that pest control measures are needed, carefully assess the situation using a set of guidelines called action thresholds. This process determines whether the pest is causing economic or aesthetic injury to your plants and how severe the problem is. The use of action thresholds also helps you avoid applying pesticides unnecessarily or at the wrong time.

After evaluating the situation and determining if management is necessary, start with correcting any environmental or cultural issues. Next, try a combination of physical or biological controls to see if the pest can be controlled without the use of chemicals. If this doesn’t work, you may need to apply a chemical to get the results you want. When this occurs, choose the least toxic chemicals available to ensure that they are not a significant hazard to people or pets.

In addition to being more environmentally responsible, implementing IPM techniques in your landscape will reduce the amount of pesticide that ends up in the environment, water supply, and food chain. It will also help you slow resistance development and maintain the effectiveness of the pesticides you do choose to apply.

Home Business Ideas That Work For You

Home businesses have been around, probably as long as humans have, but for a short time, they seemed to fade into the dusk of major corporations. Thanks to the internet, home businesses have made a strong return. Many people are curious whether or not it’s truly possible to make money with the home business opportunities that abound online. It is, but there are a few things that you absolutely must know, before you’ll achieve success.

To save money when running a home business be sure to hire a certified accountant. It may seem like an extra expense at first, but the expense from a small error can be far more expensive if you were to be audited. Tax laws change every year and having an accountant will relieve stress and allow you to focus on your business.

To get the word out about your new home business, have cards printed with your company name and logo. Give one to everyone you know, and leave them lying around everywhere you go. Spend an afternoon in a busy shopping district and leave your business cards on the bulletin boards of retail stores and professional buildings.

A key tip for those planning to launch a home business is to carefully research any and all legal and insurance requirements that may apply to the specific type of enterprise being contemplated. By doing so, it will be possible to avoid unnecessary future business disruptions resulting from disputes with regulatory authorities.

Come up with a business plan. When you have a plan and write it down, you not only feel more organized but also it helps your mind to come up with great ideas. Before you know it, you’ll be coming up with all sorts of imaginative ways to develop your business, that you would never have thought of, if you hadn’t put your plan on paper.

We have the internet to thank, in a major way, for the return of the home business, but the internet has also been the source of new pitfalls. As long as you know how to recognize the scams and understand the unique requirements of a home business in the 21st century, your fortune awaits.

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Best Landscape Architects & Designers

A landscape architect can create beautiful and functional spaces for a variety of purposes. These landscapes can be used for recreational and educational purposes, and can enhance the surrounding architecture of a building.

Unlike architects, who tend to focus on aesthetics alone, landscape architects must consider both form and function. This is why it’s important to choose the right landscape architects.

James Corner

With projects like the High Line, Fresh Kills Park on Staten Island and Domino Park in Brooklyn, James Corner has made a name for himself as a leader of large-scale public parks. His firm is a 50-strong team with a variety of multidisciplinary backgrounds in landscape architecture, design, planning and communication art. They specialize in urban situations and public spaces and aim to create ecologically smart and culturally significant built works of lasting distinction.

Corner’s work is bold, incorporating the landscape as a critical element of urban infrastructure, and demonstrating a concern for public health, sustainability and the revitalization of the landscape architectural profession as a whole. His research and writing is centered on developing innovative approaches to landscape architectural practice and urbanism. Corner’s office is busy, with more than 50 projects ongoing.

While architects are best suited to handle larger-scale projects that include new building construction, landscape architects can help with land development and planning for residential, commercial and industrial sites. They also prepare graphic representations of plans and designs. They often collaborate with engineering personnel and architects to incorporate existing land features into their projects.

While boldface starchitects like Frank Gehry, Norman Foster and Bjarke Ingels are making a splash in the NYC skyline, landscape architects are quietly becoming a major part of the city’s identity. Their work is essential to its future. They are reshaping the streets, waterfronts and parks of our urban environment. In a time of climate change, their skills are needed now more than ever before. They are bringing beauty, engagement and vitality to urban spaces, transforming them from neglected public assets into thriving, green neighborhoods. They are helping the city become a more sustainable, healthier and happier place to live.

Gertrude Jekyll

Gertrude Jekyll (1843–1923) was a leading figure in the world of horticulture during the last decades of the 19th century and into the first years of the 20th. Her creative and solitary temperament broke Victorian social convention, as did her aversion to marriage and motherhood. She pursued a variety of artistic interests, from painting to embroidery, and enjoyed the friendships of such artists as Ruskin, GF Watts and William Morris.

In her late 20s she began writing for a gardening magazine and, in 1875, became a collaborator with the editor William Robinson on his influential journal The Garden. It was here that Jekyll developed her principles of designing gardens with flowering plants and a naturalistic approach to wildness. She travelled widely, visiting Algeria, Italy and the Mediterranean, and her writing opened up the concept of what a garden could be to many people.

Jekyll had a gift for visual composition and she channeled her creative energy into the art of garden design. She had already begun to show her work and to gain commissions. In her lifetime she designed more than 100 gardens, and was closely associated with the architect Edwin Lutyens. She and he worked on at least 70 projects together, the most famous being Hestercombe in Somerset.

She also wrote a number of books, including Roses for English Gardens (Longmans, Green and Co., 1902) and Old West Surrey (Longmans, Green and Co., 1904). She was also a prolific artist, painting and illustrating a wide range of subjects. The book that has most been studied is the abridged version of her memoirs, A Memoir of my own Life (Longmans, Green and Co., 1910).

Charles Jencks

Charles Jencks was a cultural theorist, architectural historian and landscape designer, whose work defined the contours of Postmodernism. Jencks published a series of seminal books, lectured and designed buildings and gardens worldwide. In 2003, he established the RIBA Charles Jencks Award “to recognise an individual or practice that has made a significant contribution simultaneously to the theory and practice of architecture.” The award has been given to many leading architects including Alejandro Aravena, Herzog & de Meuron and Rem Koolhaas.

Jencks’ most influential design came relatively late in life with a shift towards landscape. Using his wife Maggie’s knowledge of Chinese gardens, the pair created a series of ambitious landscapes including Scotland’s 30-acre Garden of Cosmic Speculation. Jencks viewed the garden as a microcosm of the universe, incorporating scientific ideas such as fractals and self-organising systems into the site.

The garden was inspired by the ideas of his mentor, architect Buckminster Fuller, and also Jencks’ interest in the natural world. He created a number of psychedelic landforms in the shape of curved, tiered mounds linked by linear paths that articulate undulating waves. He also incorporated elements from modern science, such as the butterfly effect and chaos theory.

Several of Jencks’ most exciting landscape designs were built in Scotland including the Garden of Cosmic Speculation, Jupiter Artland and The Crawick Multiverse. He also designed DNA sculptures for Kew Gardens and Cambridge and created a complex of landscaped ‘metaphors’ at a house called The Jumping Universe in California, USA. Jencks was also working on his final project, a massive human form that is 112 feet tall and set to be the world’s largest land goddess sculpture when it opens in 2013. He died in October this year.

Laurie Olin

Laurie Olin is a landscape architect, educator and author whose work spans a wide range of scales from private gardens to public parks and corporate/museum campus plans. His firm, OLIN, has designed numerous iconic projects including the Washington Monument grounds in Washington DC, the National Gallery of Art Sculpture Garden in Philadelphia and Bryant Park in New York City, as well as the award-winning Barnes Foundation and Apple Park in Philadelphia and Simon and Helen Director Park in Portland, Oregon.

A traveler at heart, Olin has recorded his observations of French cities and countryside, gardens, cafes, streets, ancient ruins and parks in his sketchbooks for more than fifty years. His drawings and watercolors are interleaved throughout the book, creating a dialogue between text and image that reveals his insights and point of view as a designer.

From the low stone ledges circling Renaissance fountains to Classical amphitheaters and modern benches in metal or wood, Olin explains how seating solutions have changed over time, revealing how customary practices evolved and what it is about some designs that remain relevant today. He also explores his own practice, describing how his design for movable chairs in Columbus Circle park in New York City grew out of the sociologist William H. Whyte’s advocacy for placing movable chairs in public parks.

Distinguished teacher, author and one of the most celebrated landscape architects in America, Olin’s career has spanned more than five decades of design innovation and public service. In addition to his many design awards, he has published two books on the history of gardens and several essays on landscape architecture theory. He has curated exhibitions in New York, London, Paris and Venice and was a 2021 John R. Bracken Fellow at the Stuckeman School of Architecture and Environmental Design at the University of Pennsylvania.

Kishor Pradhan

Have you ever wondered how the beautiful skyscrapers, spacious residential areas and apartments, exotic resorts or farmhouses, and lush green landscapes around them come to be? This is because of the work of people who are specialized in landscape architecture.

The practice of landscape architecture focuses on the natural components in outdoor spaces including public and private parks, gardens (rooftop and home garden), playgrounds, residential areas, college campuses, public places, official or commercial centers, etc. This complex field requires an in-depth knowledge of design, engineering, horticulture, botany, psychology, and sociology.

Founded in 1972 by Kishore Pradhan, Kishor’s firm specializes in urban green projects and site planning. It aims to design landscapes that blend seamlessly with their surrounding natural environment. Their projects like the City Park in Mumbai and Eat Street in Hyderabad demonstrate that ecological research is a core part of their work.

A lawyer by education, Louis Benech shifted his career to the landscaping industry in 1977 out of sheer passion for plants. His firm, the renowned Benech Garden, is famous for its unique gardens that evoke a sense of mystery and adventure through their use of plants. He has also designed many public spaces such as squares and parks.

Sunay Erdem is a well-known Turkish landscape architect whose designs are characterized by their contemporary, yet traditional style. He has over 40 projects under his belt and is a member of the International Federation of Landscape Architects. His free-hand sketches are the only medium he uses to create his designs. His landscapes have received several awards and recognition. His works have been featured in many magazines and newspapers. He has also been involved in a number of films and theatre plays.