We all know that putting potato skins, corn husks, and other fibrous foods into our garbage disposals can lead to clogs. Instead, they should be composted or thrown away.
It is also helpful to use cold water when running a disposal. This will help grease break down and prevent clogs. Click Here to learn more.
In a world of consumerism and a culture of single-use items, it’s easy to take for granted where your trash goes once you throw it away. But those empty plastic food containers and old magazines have a long journey ahead of them, from your green bin to the waste transfer station and then landfill processing. Learn what happens to your rubbish after you put it in the bin and why incineration is not as eco-friendly as you might think.
The incineration of waste is a popular method for disposing of garbage, but it is also an extremely hazardous process. The process produces carbon dioxide, air pollutants, and fly ash, all of which can pose health and environmental risks. However, there are ways to reduce the effects of incineration by reducing the amount of waste that is burned and by employing better technology.
Before the invention of the landfill, people burned their trash on a much larger scale as a way to deal with it. But these early incinerators produced toxic emissions and coated nearby communities with ash. They were eventually abandoned for their harmful environmental impacts, and more sophisticated incinerators have been developed to make the process safer and more efficient.
Modern incinerators use gasification and pyrolysis to break down the waste into its component parts, which are then heated to high temperatures. This allows them to generate a significant amount of energy from the waste, which can be used as heat or electricity. The resulting byproducts are also useful, including inorganic fertilizer, which can be used for agriculture or concrete. The remainder of the waste is left as bottom ash, which can be reused or sent to a landfill.
The process of incineration has been criticized by environmentalists for its negative environmental impact, but it is still a common way to dispose of trash in many countries. Despite these concerns, the waste incineration industry is a growing sector of the economy. It is estimated that in the alone, there will be more than 4,000 new waste incinerators by 2025.
Research has shown that the proximity of a waste incinerator can increase cancers, asthma, and other diseases among those living near the facility. These risks are exacerbated by the fact that many of these facilities are situated in low-income and minority neighborhoods, where people are at a greater risk of exposure to the contaminants.
The biodegradation of waste is one of the most environmentally friendly ways to dispose of organic materials. It uses natural bacteria to break down waste and return nutrients to the soil. The process is used in sewage treatment plants, landfills and compost piles. However, it is important to note that biodegradation is a slow process. Therefore, it is best suited for larger waste sites.
Biodegradable waste can be made of many different materials, including cellulose, food scraps and animal manure. This waste is often mixed with other organic material to form a biodegradable compost, which can then be used as fertilizer or for erosion control. It also provides a source of energy, as the microorganisms in the compost break down the material into carbon dioxide and water.
In addition, biodegradable wastes can be recycled into useful products, such as fuel, paper, and building materials. They can even be used to create a greener alternative to plastic. Plastic, on the other hand, is not biodegradable. As a result, it has been found in the oceans and is threatening marine life. As a result, it is important to use biodegradable materials whenever possible.
Biodegradation is the breakdown of organic matter into innocuous components by a combination of biological and chemical processes. These include the breaking down of larger molecules into smaller ones, which is similar to rotting. This process can take place in the soil or in a landfill, where it is commonly referred to as anaerobic biodegradation.
This process is the most environmentally friendly way to dispose of organic wastes, and it is becoming increasingly popular as people become more aware of the problems caused by non-biodegradable plastics. It can also be used to recycle plastics, reducing the amount of waste that goes into landfills.
While recycling is a good alternative to disposal, it can be difficult to recycle all of the waste that we generate. This is because the process of recycling is slow and it requires a lot of energy. Instead, we should try to encourage biodegradation and composting. This will reduce the burden placed on landfills and also lower methane emissions.
Open dumping is the uncontrolled disposal of solid wastes on land that does not have a landfill permit. It is also known as fly dumping and littering, and can affect public health. It can also result in environmental contamination and land degradation. It is a problem in urban and rural areas, where the majority of trash is thrown on the ground or into waterways. This method of waste disposal is often the result of a lack of public awareness about the environmental and health risks, as well as economic issues such as unit pricing and insufficient enforcement of laws that prevent illegal dumping.
Unsightly waste piles can spoil the appearance of cities and towns, lower property values, deter tourism, and cost municipalities money for cleanups. They also create a health risk for residents by attracting disease-carrying rodents and insects. These pests can carry germs and contaminate drinking water. In addition, they can leave behind harmful toxins that can disrupt the endocrine system and thyroid hormones.
The expansion of open rubbish dumps without ventilation results in the release of methane, which absorbs the sun’s heat and warms the atmosphere. In addition, they also produce nitrous oxide, which contributes to greenhouse gas emissions. In fact, open dumps generate 50 times more GWP than sanitary landfills or low-organic carbon waste landfills.
In addition to the harmful gases produced by open rubbish dumps, they can also cause soil and water pollution. The chemicals in the waste leach into groundwater and run off into water bodies. The toxins can disrupt the endocrine system and harm humans, especially pregnant women and children. The pollution can also contaminate the water supply and destroy plant life.
To combat open dumping, officials should raise public awareness about the environmental impact of these sites and provide information on alternative methods of trash disposal. This includes promoting waste reduction and encouraging recycling, as well as setting up a program that rewards people for using eco-friendly alternatives to open dumping. They should also put up barriers (e.g., locked cables and gates) to prevent physical access to the site and post warning signs. They should clean up the dump sites immediately and regularly to discourage further dumping. They should also notify law enforcement and health departments about the problem. They should also ask the local community to participate in a neighborhood watch program to report violations.
A landfill is an area of land that is occupied by waste, rubbish or other material that can no longer be used. These materials are buried under layers of soil until they decompose. The process takes a long time, and the toxic chemicals in the waste can leach into the surrounding environment and damage plants, animals, and humans. Landfills are typically located away from inhabited areas and areas that supply water for drinking or farming.
The waste in a landfill is broken down by bacteria in the absence of oxygen, a process known as anaerobic breakdown. This creates methane gas, which is a potent greenhouse gas. It is also a health hazard, since it can cause respiratory problems for people who live near the landfill. In addition, methane can explode, causing fires.
Most cities have a system for disposing of solid waste. This includes recycling centers, which collect aluminum cans, glass bottles, newspaper, and blended paper. They also take other materials, such as batteries, paints, and chemical-based products. However, you should never throw hazardous substances in the trash with regular trash.
A typical landfill is an open-pit facility that is used for the disposal of solid waste, such as wood, paper, and metal. This type of landfill is usually situated away from populated areas, and it uses diggers to give the waste a uniform shape and bury it under layers of soil. The landfill is also protected from water and wind by an artificial water-resistant covering.
Typically, waste is transported to landfill sites in large trucks. Once there, it is crushed and compacted by heavy equipment. The trash is layered in areas called cells, each containing the equivalent of one day’s worth of trash. This method helps extend the life of the landfill and prevents contamination of soil and water.
A landfill’s main advantage is its ability to prevent odors from escaping. However, the gases it produces can affect nearby communities, especially in poorer neighborhoods. This can reduce property values and lead to economic decline. In addition, the bad odors can expose people to asthma and other respiratory diseases. This is why many people prefer to use alternative methods of rubbish disposal, such as incineration and biodegradation.
Home businesses have been around, probably as long as humans have, but for a short time, they seemed to fade into the dusk of major corporations. Thanks to the internet, home businesses have made a strong return. Many people are curious whether or not it’s truly possible to make money with the home business opportunities that abound online. It is, but there are a few things that you absolutely must know, before you’ll achieve success.
To save money when running a home business be sure to hire a certified accountant. It may seem like an extra expense at first, but the expense from a small error can be far more expensive if you were to be audited. Tax laws change every year and having an accountant will relieve stress and allow you to focus on your business.
To get the word out about your new home business, have cards printed with your company name and logo. Give one to everyone you know, and leave them lying around everywhere you go. Spend an afternoon in a busy shopping district and leave your business cards on the bulletin boards of retail stores and professional buildings.
A key tip for those planning to launch a home business is to carefully research any and all legal and insurance requirements that may apply to the specific type of enterprise being contemplated. By doing so, it will be possible to avoid unnecessary future business disruptions resulting from disputes with regulatory authorities.
Come up with a business plan. When you have a plan and write it down, you not only feel more organized but also it helps your mind to come up with great ideas. Before you know it, you’ll be coming up with all sorts of imaginative ways to develop your business, that you would never have thought of, if you hadn’t put your plan on paper.
We have the internet to thank, in a major way, for the return of the home business, but the internet has also been the source of new pitfalls. As long as you know how to recognize the scams and understand the unique requirements of a home business in the 21st century, your fortune awaits.
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A landscape architect can create beautiful and functional spaces for a variety of purposes. These landscapes can be used for recreational and educational purposes, and can enhance the surrounding architecture of a building.
Unlike architects, who tend to focus on aesthetics alone, landscape architects must consider both form and function. This is why it’s important to choose the right landscape architects.
With projects like the High Line, Fresh Kills Park on Staten Island and Domino Park in Brooklyn, James Corner has made a name for himself as a leader of large-scale public parks. His firm is a 50-strong team with a variety of multidisciplinary backgrounds in landscape architecture, design, planning and communication art. They specialize in urban situations and public spaces and aim to create ecologically smart and culturally significant built works of lasting distinction.
Corner’s work is bold, incorporating the landscape as a critical element of urban infrastructure, and demonstrating a concern for public health, sustainability and the revitalization of the landscape architectural profession as a whole. His research and writing is centered on developing innovative approaches to landscape architectural practice and urbanism. Corner’s office is busy, with more than 50 projects ongoing.
While architects are best suited to handle larger-scale projects that include new building construction, landscape architects can help with land development and planning for residential, commercial and industrial sites. They also prepare graphic representations of plans and designs. They often collaborate with engineering personnel and architects to incorporate existing land features into their projects.
While boldface starchitects like Frank Gehry, Norman Foster and Bjarke Ingels are making a splash in the NYC skyline, landscape architects are quietly becoming a major part of the city’s identity. Their work is essential to its future. They are reshaping the streets, waterfronts and parks of our urban environment. In a time of climate change, their skills are needed now more than ever before. They are bringing beauty, engagement and vitality to urban spaces, transforming them from neglected public assets into thriving, green neighborhoods. They are helping the city become a more sustainable, healthier and happier place to live.
Gertrude Jekyll (1843–1923) was a leading figure in the world of horticulture during the last decades of the 19th century and into the first years of the 20th. Her creative and solitary temperament broke Victorian social convention, as did her aversion to marriage and motherhood. She pursued a variety of artistic interests, from painting to embroidery, and enjoyed the friendships of such artists as Ruskin, GF Watts and William Morris.
In her late 20s she began writing for a gardening magazine and, in 1875, became a collaborator with the editor William Robinson on his influential journal The Garden. It was here that Jekyll developed her principles of designing gardens with flowering plants and a naturalistic approach to wildness. She travelled widely, visiting Algeria, Italy and the Mediterranean, and her writing opened up the concept of what a garden could be to many people.
Jekyll had a gift for visual composition and she channeled her creative energy into the art of garden design. She had already begun to show her work and to gain commissions. In her lifetime she designed more than 100 gardens, and was closely associated with the architect Edwin Lutyens. She and he worked on at least 70 projects together, the most famous being Hestercombe in Somerset.
She also wrote a number of books, including Roses for English Gardens (Longmans, Green and Co., 1902) and Old West Surrey (Longmans, Green and Co., 1904). She was also a prolific artist, painting and illustrating a wide range of subjects. The book that has most been studied is the abridged version of her memoirs, A Memoir of my own Life (Longmans, Green and Co., 1910).
Charles Jencks was a cultural theorist, architectural historian and landscape designer, whose work defined the contours of Postmodernism. Jencks published a series of seminal books, lectured and designed buildings and gardens worldwide. In 2003, he established the RIBA Charles Jencks Award “to recognise an individual or practice that has made a significant contribution simultaneously to the theory and practice of architecture.” The award has been given to many leading architects including Alejandro Aravena, Herzog & de Meuron and Rem Koolhaas.
Jencks’ most influential design came relatively late in life with a shift towards landscape. Using his wife Maggie’s knowledge of Chinese gardens, the pair created a series of ambitious landscapes including Scotland’s 30-acre Garden of Cosmic Speculation. Jencks viewed the garden as a microcosm of the universe, incorporating scientific ideas such as fractals and self-organising systems into the site.
The garden was inspired by the ideas of his mentor, architect Buckminster Fuller, and also Jencks’ interest in the natural world. He created a number of psychedelic landforms in the shape of curved, tiered mounds linked by linear paths that articulate undulating waves. He also incorporated elements from modern science, such as the butterfly effect and chaos theory.
Several of Jencks’ most exciting landscape designs were built in Scotland including the Garden of Cosmic Speculation, Jupiter Artland and The Crawick Multiverse. He also designed DNA sculptures for Kew Gardens and Cambridge and created a complex of landscaped ‘metaphors’ at a house called The Jumping Universe in California, USA. Jencks was also working on his final project, a massive human form that is 112 feet tall and set to be the world’s largest land goddess sculpture when it opens in 2013. He died in October this year.
Laurie Olin is a landscape architect, educator and author whose work spans a wide range of scales from private gardens to public parks and corporate/museum campus plans. His firm, OLIN, has designed numerous iconic projects including the Washington Monument grounds in Washington DC, the National Gallery of Art Sculpture Garden in Philadelphia and Bryant Park in New York City, as well as the award-winning Barnes Foundation and Apple Park in Philadelphia and Simon and Helen Director Park in Portland, Oregon.
A traveler at heart, Olin has recorded his observations of French cities and countryside, gardens, cafes, streets, ancient ruins and parks in his sketchbooks for more than fifty years. His drawings and watercolors are interleaved throughout the book, creating a dialogue between text and image that reveals his insights and point of view as a designer.
From the low stone ledges circling Renaissance fountains to Classical amphitheaters and modern benches in metal or wood, Olin explains how seating solutions have changed over time, revealing how customary practices evolved and what it is about some designs that remain relevant today. He also explores his own practice, describing how his design for movable chairs in Columbus Circle park in New York City grew out of the sociologist William H. Whyte’s advocacy for placing movable chairs in public parks.
Distinguished teacher, author and one of the most celebrated landscape architects in America, Olin’s career has spanned more than five decades of design innovation and public service. In addition to his many design awards, he has published two books on the history of gardens and several essays on landscape architecture theory. He has curated exhibitions in New York, London, Paris and Venice and was a 2021 John R. Bracken Fellow at the Stuckeman School of Architecture and Environmental Design at the University of Pennsylvania.
Have you ever wondered how the beautiful skyscrapers, spacious residential areas and apartments, exotic resorts or farmhouses, and lush green landscapes around them come to be? This is because of the work of people who are specialized in landscape architecture.
The practice of landscape architecture focuses on the natural components in outdoor spaces including public and private parks, gardens (rooftop and home garden), playgrounds, residential areas, college campuses, public places, official or commercial centers, etc. This complex field requires an in-depth knowledge of design, engineering, horticulture, botany, psychology, and sociology.
Founded in 1972 by Kishore Pradhan, Kishor’s firm specializes in urban green projects and site planning. It aims to design landscapes that blend seamlessly with their surrounding natural environment. Their projects like the City Park in Mumbai and Eat Street in Hyderabad demonstrate that ecological research is a core part of their work.
A lawyer by education, Louis Benech shifted his career to the landscaping industry in 1977 out of sheer passion for plants. His firm, the renowned Benech Garden, is famous for its unique gardens that evoke a sense of mystery and adventure through their use of plants. He has also designed many public spaces such as squares and parks.
Sunay Erdem is a well-known Turkish landscape architect whose designs are characterized by their contemporary, yet traditional style. He has over 40 projects under his belt and is a member of the International Federation of Landscape Architects. His free-hand sketches are the only medium he uses to create his designs. His landscapes have received several awards and recognition. His works have been featured in many magazines and newspapers. He has also been involved in a number of films and theatre plays.